Symptoms: Depending on the location of osteophytes development, the signs and symptoms may differ. Osteophytes may become barriers between bones and hinder the joint movements. Generally, pain, decreased range of motion and inflammatory responses are commonly encountered.
Consequence: If osteophytes irritate nearby nerve roots, blood vessels or other soft tissues, pain, numbness and muscle atrophy would be resulted.
Cause: Bone would over-grow under prolonged high pressure and develop osteophytes (in form of spurs). Improper posture, overuse, increased joint friction, etc. are favorable conditions for the formation of osteophytes.
Osteophytes introduction: Osteophytes means over-growth of bone content, which is one kind of normal degeneration processes. Osteophytes would grow on bone sites where prolonged high pressure is present, e.g. rim of a joint.
Medication: pain killers and anti-inflammatory drugs would help low grade signs and symptoms.
Physiotherapy: heat treatment helps release muscle spasm. Shortwave diathermy, ultrasound, interferential therapy, etc. would be used to control inflammatory responses.
TENS: domestic use for symptomatic relief.
Surgical operation: indicated if involved area is broad and irritative.