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Symptoms: pain starts from shoulder region then gradually spread to the neck. Headache would be encountered at later stage which indicates cervical spine dislocation. If there is osteophytes growth and nerve roots are irritated, pain and numbness would emerge along the upper limbs. Dizziness, photophobia and muscle atrophy would develop in severe cases.

Consequence: serious diseases such as stroke, cerebral hemorrhage, meningitis, increased brain pressure, brain tumor, etc. there are lots of possible causes of headache, thus, headache is a complicated and hardly-diagnosed illness.Causes: according to British’s statistic figures, 85% of the population encountered headaches for at least once in one year time; almost one-third are chronic sufferers. Headache is known as associated with living pressure and the figure of headache incidents Figures show that 30% of males and half of females suffered from headache which is eight times higher than that of half decade ago.

Migraine headache: it is hard to diagnose migraine headache. Latest medical magazine stated that, if two out of the following three questions are positive, you get 93% of chance to have migraine headache:

  1. Over the last 3 months, do headache affect at least one day of your daily life?During period of headache, do symptoms of vomiting, abdominal discomfort happen?
  2. During period of headache, would you be affected by light?

Tension headache: tension headache is mainly caused by muscle spasm and psychological pressure. Pain level would usually be mild to moderate, pain during ranged from hald and hour to a week. Leading factors could be mechanical impact, noise, overuse of eyes, crowding and stuffiness, sleeplessness, living pressure, weather changes, etc. Pain would not be aggravated by increased workload. Females are more vulnerable to males.Cervicogenic headache: is caused by cervical spine degeneration, displacement and joint disorders. Cervicogenic headache is developed if the first three cervical nerve roots are compressed. Pain would concentrate on one single side, radiates from the neck to the back of head and eye ball. Many practitioners mis-diagnose cervicogenic headache as migraine headache.

Nutrition: vitamins B1, B6, B12 with magnesium and calcium supplements.Medications: NSAIDs (with side effect of causing abdominal disorders, not suitable for long term use)Chiropractic adjustment: medical researches show that chiropractic adjustment can effectively relieve cervicogenic headache, treatment effect is more obvious than pain killers.Exercise therapy: swimming is the most suitable exercise for cervicogenic headache. Buoyancy of water decreases the joint loading and allows joint mobilization and muscle stretching effect.

Physiotherapy: electrical modalities like interferential therapy, heat treatment and electrical therapy are used for muscle relaxation and help relieve symptoms caused by nerve compression.

TENS: domestic use for symptomatic relief.

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