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Syndromes
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Scoliosis

Symptoms

<20°: elevated shoulder; paraspinal muscle imbalance and tightness
20°-40°: change of alignment of thoracic, with concave side muscle spasm
>40°: severe spinal mal-alignment; cardiopulmonary function would be affected if conditions get worse which is life-threatening


Consequences

Spinal development mutation; leg length discrepancy; etc.

Causes

Congenital; adolescence prevalence: 80%

Introduction:
According to government data, 2500 out of the 40000 newly diagnosed scoliosis students need orthopedic follow-ups. 2000 new cases reported per annum, i.e. every 11 students, one would carry scoliosis symptoms. Many parents always ignore their kids’ kyphotic posture and delay interventions until symptoms emerge.

Treatments:
Surgical operation: with the advancement of internal fixation technique and biomechanics, the risk of operation is reduced. However, post-operation complications such as limited spinal movements, muscles atrophy, osteoporosis, osteophytes, etc. are still encountered.

Physiotherapy: stretching exercise, muscle strengthening exercise and breathing exercise assigned by physiotherapist would help reduce recurrence and minimize complications.

Chiropractic adjustment: chiropractor would correct the mal-aligned spine by means of biomechanical lever concepts.

Back orthosis: daily use can prevent scoliosis from fast-worsening

 

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